Consult On Whatsapp

Esophageal Cancer

Strictures Dilation

Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the oesophagus (gullet), which is the long tube that transports food from the throat to the stomach.

Esophageal cancer is the world's tenth most common cancer. It begins in your oesophagus, the long muscular tube that transports food from your throat to your stomach. Esophageal cancer tumours may not cause symptoms until the cancer has spread. It primarily affects people in their 60s and 70s and is more common in men than women.

Symptoms of esophageal cancer?

The first symptom that people may notice is difficulty swallowing. Other signs and symptoms include:
  • Back or throat pain, pain behind the breastbone, or pain between the shoulder blades.
  • Vomiting or coughing up blood.
  • Heartburn.
  • Hoarseness or a persistent cough.
  • Weight loss that was unintentional.

How quickly does esophageal cancer spread (deteriorate)?

Esophageal cancer typically spreads quickly. As the tumour grows, your oesophagus expands to accommodate it. This is why people frequently do not experience symptoms until the cancer has spread.

What is the main cause of esophageal cancer?

As per the Best Cancer Specialist in Jaipur - Most common identified risk factors that increase the chance of developing it, includes :

  • Tobacco use includes both smoking and the use of smokeless tobacco.
  • Chronic and/or heavy alcohol use increases the risk of esophageal cancer.
  • Obesity
  • Barrett's oesophagus and chronic acid reflux
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Cancer history
  • Other conditions
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals

How are esophageal cancer patients treated?

Treatment for esophageal cancer is determined by the cancer's stage and grade. Among the treatment options are:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)
  • Endoscopic laser therapy
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy